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How to write a descriptive and narrative essay?

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    How to write a descriptive and narrative essay?

    An essay is a short piece of writing on a particular topic, event or phenomenon. An essay can be written in both formal or informal capacity. There are various types of essays depending on audience and topic of the essay. Here a short description is given on how to write a descriptive and a narrative essay.

    In a descriptive essay a writer ‘describes’ a chosen topic. A descriptive essay discusses about facts and data about the chosen topic. A descriptive essay must be written with a language that could make a reader imagine about the topic.

    Whereas the narrative essay is like storytelling, usually written in passive voice, in which any past event or event or phenomena that have already happened are discussed. The narrative essay reflects a personal opinion or memory.  An essay has 3 components, namely, an introduction, a body and a conclusion.


    Introduction part of an essay is a formal (or informal) introduction to the topic of an essay. An introduction of descriptive essay should depict about the chosen topic, object, scenery, person or situation related to the topic. The introduction of the descriptive essay must be written in language which is easy to understand which further allow readers to visually give the impression about writer’s intentions.  Whereas the introductory part of a narrative essay should include the people, setting, objects, season, time etc involves the topic chosen. Creating an outline of the narrative essay is the main content of introduction.

    Main body

    The main body of a descriptive essay is generally four to five standard size paragraphs according to the word limit and arguments to be discussed. Each paragraph must have an initial statement about the arguments and the rest of the paragraph about justification with rule, norms, evidence, literature etc. The main body of the descriptive essay is full of explanation with a format that is followed in each paragraph. Whereas a narrative essay gives the liberty to discuss an event in a first-person account. The discussion of the story, event or phenomenon must be according to the outline discussed in the introduction. It should have clear paragraphs with a vivid description of the topic with ‘attention-grabbing’ use of language.


    A conclusion is as important as the other parts of an essay. Conclusion basically summarizes the whole topic. The conclusion of a descriptive essay is usually a general summary of all the arguments which are discussed in the essay, or crux of the topic discussed, a near-future sight of the topic, or personal opinion about the topic if asked! Whereas the conclusion of a narrative essay is a closure discussing any idea which has been expressed in the introduction. The conclusion of the narrative essay can also have a moral summary or suggestion or a final remark about the event or story expressed.

    A descriptive essay should follow a common format with a proper description of arguments and justifications. While describing the topic of an essay, a writer should constantly ask basic Ws like what, where, why, when, who, how etc, to produce a quality descriptive essay. While writing a narrative essay writer should follow the links to the events discussed in the essay.