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Preparing and Writing Academic Assignments

Table of Contents

    In order to score good marks in your assignments one needs to keep in mind the a few things. The topics which are going to be covered should be revolving around AQF. The Australian Qualifications Framework (AQF) is the policy for regulated qualifications in the Australian education and training system. The AQF was first introduced in 1995 to underpin the national system of qualifications in Australia encompassing higher education, vocational education and training and schools. One of the key objectives of the Australian Qualifications Framework is to facilitate pathways to, and through, formal qualifications.

    AQF can be defined keeping in mind the following terms :

    Body of Knowledge: The basic foundation that you need to know in order to make an assignment in a particular discipline within certain levels of AQF.

    Vocabulary: Body of knowledge are built around vocabulary and there are specific vocabulary for specific domains, for instance Organizational Behavior will be having a different vocabulary than Project Management so that they have a better individual understanding.

    Cognitive Skills: These skills refer to all the thinking processes that go into creating unique work.

    Complex Problems: The complex problems that occur while writing assignments can be solved by carefully following the writing guidelines.

    Judgement: A judgement must be applied to solve the problems after following the guidelines which require critical thinking.

    Critical Thinking: It involves that you have thought deeply into what you have written and have appropriately expressed your views.

    Types of Assignments:

    • Essays
    • Reports
    • Quizzes
    • Exams
    • Presentations
    • Project Artefacts
    • Portfolios


    Structure of the Assignments

    Structure of an Essay
    Introduction (10% of the word count): It involves what you are going to write about the topic you have chosen in the essay and a brief about what you are going to argue on.
    Main Body (80% of the word count): A coherent series of main points that will support your argument in a logical sequence.
    Make sure each topic is approximately of the same size and should be connecting enough to each other so that there is better clarity in your arguments.

    Topic 1- 20% of the word count.

    Topic 2- 20% of the word count.

    Topic 3- 20% of the word count.

    Topic 4- 20% of the word count.

    Conclusion (10% of the word count): In this you summarise the content and the purpose of your talk, offer an overview of what has been achieved and make a lasting impact.


    It is a crucial part of writing a good assignment, one should know about different grading scales for different assignments. Grading scales include: letter grades like A+, A-, B+, B-, C+, C-(for papers, essays, essay exams, etc.) and 100-point numerical scale (for exams, certain types of projects, etc.)


    Referencing is mainly used to avoid plagiarism and give due credit to the author from whom the information has been taken or extracted.

    There are two types of referencing:

    In-text referencing: This consist of the author’s name and year of publication inserted at an appropriate point in the text, e.g. ….a discussion of results analysis (Sternberg, 1993).

    Reference list(Bibliography): This includes information about the source such as author, publication date, title, place of publication and publisher, but may include additional information depending on the type of source (APA, HARVARD, CHICAGO etc.)

    Therefore, every individual should take help of these guidelines in writing a good assignment but he/she shouldn’t be totally dependent on these guidelines as these are for there help not for permanently relying upon, one should learn from these guidelines at first and later write them on their own.